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Design, Synthesis, Antitumor activity, cell cycle analysis and ELISA assay for Cyclin Dependant Kinase-2 of a new (4-aryl-6-flouro-4H-benzo[4, 5] thieno[3, 2-b] pyran) derivatives.

Ashraf Mouineer, Ashraf Zaher, Afaf El-Malah, Eman Abdel-Fattah Sobh

Abstract


A series of benzo[b]thiophene and their benzo[4,5]thieno[3,2-b]pyran derivatives (3a-f), (4a-f), (5a-f) and 6 were synthesized and characterized by spectroscopic and elemental analysis. All compounds were subjected to one dose anticancer screening in NCI- America, but only the compounds gave high percent growth inhibition were further subjected to five dose screening. A good result of compound 4f with GI50 = 0.15 µmol, TGI= 1.14 µmol and 4c with GI50 = 1.09 µmol, TGI = 10.19 µmol, LC50 = 100 µmol on HT-29 cell line. To explore mechanism of cytotoxicity, compound 4f and 4c were allowed to affect cell cycle progression using HT-29 cell line (human colon cancer) in two-time interval (24 and 48 hr). The cytotoxicity of 4f and 4c was correlated with induction of apoptosis causing pre-G1apoptosis and cell growth arrest at G2/M in a time dependant manner through inhibition of CDK-2. For exploring the SAR for all synthesized compounds, IC50 of 5d was determined which was equal to 0.32 ±0.05 µmol, IC50 of 6 was equal to be 0.15 ±0.01 µmol while IC50 of erlotinib reference was equal to 0.3±0.02 µmol. Finally we were able to synthesize a series of benzo[b] thiophene, benzo[4,5]thieno[3,2-b]pyran having a good cytotoxic activity suggesting promising anticancer derivatives.

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