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Elimination of gatifloxacin from water: Treatment by electro-Fenton process and highlighting of a biological post-treatment

Mohamed Reda Arhoutane, Ghizlan Kaichouh, Muna Shueai Yahya, Miloud El Karbane, Hind Chakchak, Kacem El Kacemi

Abstract


This study concerns the oxidative degradation and mineralization of gatifloxacin in aqueous solution at pH = 3 and in the presence of Fe2+ as catalyst  using electro-Fenton (EF) process, with carbon felt as a cathode and platinum as an anode. The mineralization is evaluated by the chemical oxygen demand by assessing the applied current value and concentration of catalyst Fe2+. Some stable by-products of gatifloxacin have been identified using high-performance liquid chromatography and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. The second part of this paper concerns the study of the biodegradability in determining of BOD5/COD during the mineralization of gatifloxacin by EF in order to evaluate the possibility of coupling electro-Fenton process with the biological one. This leads to an efficient treatment of water contaminated by this antibiotic with lower cost.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13171/mjc841906066mra

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